Wednesday, June 7, 2017

KASHMIRIS AND DATURA OR DEVIL’S WEED



                                                                               



DATURA OR DEVIL’S WEED OR JIMSON’S WEED OR THORN APPLE

To curse some one, kashmiris would say :

“Tche lagun Datur “


“ Let Datura take its  Toll  on you “
Or 
“ Sakh Ajiz onnnus . Paenn Chhum Dalaan yeli ti zaanh Bronthkaen Peyumm.Amiss loga Datur “
“ He has incapacitated me . I get confused when he comes in front of me . Let Datura take its toll  on him. “
In Kashmir we have seen this plant growing of its own near Dampness or under shady places . quite often it grows close to filth and drains . It was detested in Kashmir on account of its foul smell.
This green plant that spread its branches and leaves gave a white coloured flower and this flower too had somewhat foul smell. A green fruit with thorn grows finally that gives black seeds . These seeds are also Toxic .
In olden days , the Datura fruit and seeds were put to maximum usage as medicine by Hakeems of kashmir .

Datura seeds, flowers and leaves are all toxic.. The Datura Plant contains Atropine, stramonium , scopolamine and Hyosoamine . These have a marked effect on Central Nervous system and a little excess dose could prove fatal. 

Hakeems and Vaids used its seeds and oil for many diseases in highly measured quantity as the difference between medical dose and toxic dose was always extremely small. Hakeems In valley recommended the oil extracted from Datura seeds to treat hair fall and Dandruff ( Kuuff in kashmiri ) and the juice from Datura leaves and branches for treatment of Asthma . They also prescribed paste of roasted Datura leaves to treat pain. Datura was also used as Antidote in Kashmir since centuries especially to treat Snake and scorpion Bites .


During Holy Amaranth Ji Yatra , I am told that a sect of Sadhus would use small quantity of crushed Datura seeds Powder mixed with some eatable . By this they would slip into recreational delirium . And for sure a little quantity taken extra could prove fatal .

Atropine derived from this plant is used in Eye drops for Dilation of Pupils.

The plant is hated on account of so many negative side effects of Datura juice or oil . For this reason , it is also known as Devil’s weed.

Datura is also associated with Shiva ( Rudra ) . Thorn fruit of Dhatura plant finds mention in Susruta Samhita, as a favourite of Lord Shiva. Datura flowers and fruits are accordingly offered to Lord Shiva.

( Autar Mota )

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