Sunday, June 4, 2017

KASHMIRIS AND GERMAN IRIS OR SOSAN


                                                                 






SOSAN…OR…. GERMAN IRIS IN KASHMIR


“ Mey chh’a Aeim Sosan zaaliemi’t ”
“ He has even burnt the flowers beside my Grave   ” 

This was a common Dialogue in kashmiri Families ; And by kashmiri i mean both Pandits and Muslims . It was spoken to convey  dealings with a person who gave nothing but grave  trouble in return .

And while in S P college , I knew a friend who used to write kashmiri Poetry . I knew him as Noor Naseem. I do not know where he is at the moment . I also do not know why he abandoned writing .In a couplet that I remember , He too had used SOSAN ( German Iris ) symbolically . I quote a Quatrain composed by him that he read in Annual function of Bazm e Adab S P College :
Kyah Vanaai Tche Dumm Faet Amaaruk rang
Laalzaaruk Beyi Gul e Annaruk Rang
Akh Jaam chuv Sukraatan Zan
Beyi Sosanav Ro’tt Mazaaruk Rang
( Noor Naseem )
How can I disclose the tone of this unspoken love ?
Ask not for the garden’s Hue or the Pomegranate flower’s colour.
It is like Socrates gulping the Hemlock once more, 
And then the Iris flowers again appearing in the Graveyards ..

Word SOSAN is quite popular in Kashmiri Language . Both Pandits and Muslims used the word to convey suffering or Misfortune. SOSAN , A beautiful flower destined to live in Graveyards .I have been told that a variety of Bearded Iris Flower was planted in Cemeteries by Germans . And this flower came to be known as German Iris or Iris Germanica. It has white , blue , Purple , Pink , Yellow and many other colours.

In Kashmir , I would see SOSAN or German Iris planted in Graveyards . It was locally known as “Mazaar Monjji”. It was also grown locally and Bulbs were used for propagation . During olden days , the bulbs of SOSAN plant were also used for oil extraction . And the oil so extracted was used for making Perfume . SOSAN Bulbs were also prescribed  as medicines by Hakeems in Kashmir . They prescribed it for Cough , Colds , Fevers , Liver problems and many other ailments .The leaves of this plant are believed to be a rich source of Vitamins especially Vitamin B and C . 



In Kashmir one could see the Graveyards with blooming SOSAN flowers during spring season . 
( Autar Mota )
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CHINAR SHADE by Autarmota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
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